Сборка из исходников

C предварительной установкой старой версии из репозиториев

sudo apt update -y
sudo apt upgrade -y
sudo apt install -y --autoremove apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl make build-essential libssl-dev libghc-zlib-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev libexpat1-dev gettext unzip software-properties-common git
cd /usr/src
sudo git clone https://github.com/git/git.git git
cd git
sudo make prefix=/usr/local all
sudo make prefix=/usr/local install
git --version

C предварительной распаковкой свежего релиза из архива

sudo apt update -y
sudo apt upgrade -y
sudo apt install -y --autoremove apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl make build-essential libssl-dev libghc-zlib-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev libexpat1-dev gettext unzip software-properties-common git
cd /usr/src
sudo wget -O https://github.com/git/git/archive/master.zip git.zip
sudo unzip git.zip
sudo rm -f git.zip
cd git-master
sudo make prefix=/usr/local all
sudo make prefix=/usr/local install
cd ..
sudo rm -rf git-master
git --version
sudo git clone https://github.com/git/git.git

Centos

yum groupinstall "Development Tools"
yum install zlib-devel perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker asciidoc xmlto openssl-devel
cd ~
wget -O git.zip https://github.com/git/git/archive/master.zip
unzip git.zip && cd git-master
make configure
./configure --prefix=/usr/local
make all doc
make install install-doc install-html